The First NASA mission that will investigate the Martian subsoil successfully started. Mars InSight module was launched on a rocket United Launch Alliance Atlas V and run it in several senses became historical. Besides the fact that this is the first attempt of the American space Agency to examine popularnosti of Mars, it is also the first lander since the Phoenix arrived on the Red planet in 2008. "Curiosity" went to Phoenix for four years, but as we all know, everyone's favorite Rover is still a Rover, or a Rover, not a lander module.
InSight is also the first interplanetary mission of the NASA, which starts from the West coast, particularly with complex 3E on the basis of the U.S. air force Vandenberg. Once the module reaches the target on 26 November, he will deploy the seismometer and heat probe, which will monitor mercurysteam and control the flow of heat. The results will help us better understand what is under the surface of Mars, for example, how thick his bark. Data InSight is sent to the Ground, will also help to shed light on how to form the solid planets and their natural satellites, including our own.
The Launch was to take place in March 2016, but because of the identified faulty its main scientific instrument, the SEIS seismometer is not held.
To study the aftershocks of Mars, the seismometers should be in a pressurized chamber — otherwise the wind will make a mess of the resulting data. However, the engineers of the French Space center of Toulouse are unable to make the tool tight. During the tests, carried out on 21 December 2015, similar to the Martian thermal conditions was identified leak in the vacuum chamber, which was tool. Manufacturer seismometer reported that they did not have time to troubleshoot before the expected launch InSight in March 2016.
In the aerospace Agency NASA reported that the development and creation of the first modules of the lunar station Lunar Orbital Platform — Gateway will take $ 2.
the First flight of a Russian cosmonaut to the moon is likely to be carried out with the help of the American spacecraft Orion.