The launch of the space telescope «James Webb» (JWST), which will take the place of the old Hubble, is scheduled for October 2018. If all goes well, this new giant space telescope will continue the legacy of the famous "Hubble" and will be engaged in further pushing the limits of our wildest notions of space. Latest news related to the fact that for JWST finally chose the first target for research. And the list, admittedly, very impressive.
First «Webb» will be engaged in the monitoring of the three largest disculpenme (low reflectivity) of the asteroid and lay a hand on the Trojan group of asteroids, allowing us to learn more about the nature of our Solar system. After that, he'll do near-earth objects. More detailed information will also increase our knowledge, and in the future also can help in the development of protective equipment from the external cosmic threats to the Earth.
«James Webb» explores the great red spot of Jupiter, a giant hurricane raging at the South pole of Neptune, will conduct a review of geological phenomena on zaturenska satellites, and would further study the atmosphere of the planet itself. But, of course, more interesting amidst all this is that JWST will begin more detailed exploration of already discovered exoplanets, and will seek new. The capacity of the telescope in theory should be sufficient even in order to explore the presence of the atmosphere of exoplanets and determine their composition, and in the capacity and level of habitability.
The Level and amount of information that we can get through JWST, difficult re-evaluation. Only one further study of exoplanets will allow us to learn more about the potential existence of extraterrestrial life, as well as significantly narrow the search for the most suitable candidates for the role of targets for future human colonization. Other studies and observations will be able to significantly improve our knowledge of the early history of our own Solar system.
From a scientific point of view all this data can become invaluable to us. Because understanding how the Universe could appear the objects that exist today will contribute to our understanding of the laws of nature available to us on Earth. The further we look into the depths of the Universe, the clearer and easier to understand will be the objects that surround us. We are waiting for the amazing space age discoveries. It remains only to wait.
With a full list of the first objectives of the space telescope JWST (in English) can be found here .
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