The merging of man and machine will not stop the rise of the machines


2017-03-02 15:00:10




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The merging of man and machine will not stop the rise of the machines

Tesla CEO and founder OpenAI Elon Musk last week suggested that humanity could nullify your fear of the rise of the machines (i.e. robots) due to the merger with these same machines and becoming cyborgs. However, modern trends in the field of artificial intelligence, sharpened especially for software and technology deep learning raise serious doubts in the soil such statements, especially in the long term. It is connected not only with the hardware limitations, but with the role of the human brain.

The thesis of the Mask is very straightforward: it is enough developed brain-computer interfaces will allow people to massively increase their capabilities, better use of technologies such as machine learning and deep learning. But this exchange is two way. Brain-computer interfaces will also help to fill the gaps in the machine learning algorithms at the expense of people, for example, when making contextual decisions. The idea itself is not new. Licklider and others were thinking about the possibility and consequences of "symbiosis of man and computer" in the mid-20th century.

Progress was slow. Not least because of the development hardware. "If the reason why hardware (hardware) is so called because it is hard (difficult)," said Tony Fadell, Creator of the iPod. And to create hardware that will be associated with organic systems will be even more difficult.

Modern technology is primitive when compared with images of brain-computer interfaces in sci-Fi movies like the Matrix.


Quirks deep learning

Assuming that the hardware problem will eventually be solved, there remain other problems. The last decade, incredible advances in research into deep learning has shown that some obstacles to overcome is not so simple.

First, we just don't understand and can't describe how the function of complex neural networks. We trust simple technology like a calculator, because we know that she will always do exactly what we want from it. His mistakes — this is almost always the result of incorrect actions on the part of the person.

For Example, we would like to Supplement us machine would allow us to become perfect in arithmetic. So instead of having to get a calculator or a smartphone, we could think about the calculation and get instant response from support vehicles.

It becomes complicated when we try to connect more complex functions, the proposed methods of machine learning. For example, deep learning.

Let's Say you work as a security employee of the airport and your brain completes the machine, which automatically scans thousands of individuals that you see every day, warning about the possible risks to security.

Most machine learning suffer from the infamous problem: when a tiny change in appearance or object can cause a failure in the system and not allow it to accurately classify the object. Change the image of a man 1 percent — and machine system may think that it's a Bicycle.

Terrorists or criminals can use various vulnerabilities of the machines, bypassing security checks. This problem prevents of online security. The people, albeit limited in some ways, are not vulnerable to such rounds.

Despite the fact that the machines have a reputation for impartial, machine learning techniques also suffer from bias and may even demonstrate racist behaviour, if you enter the relevant data. This unpredictability has significant implications for how people will connect to the machine and how to trust her.


I robot

Trust is a two way street. The human mind is very complex and dynamic activity. As the car to understand what part of human bias to ignore? In the end, we all face it, it is not realizing in this report. How to create a technology that will help you to recruit people to work?

To some extent we can see the trust issues in brain-computer interfaces, if we look at how the defense forces around the world are trying to solve the issue of people's confidence in the machines on a mixed battlefield. People try to trust the machines and machine — men.

There is a parallel between the fighting robot, which takes the ethical decision to ignore an illegal order given by a person, and what is happening in the brain-computer interface: machine should interpret a person's thoughts and filter out the fleeting thoughts and deep unconscious bias.

In defense scenarios, the logical role of the human brain will be to test the ethics of such decisions. But what about when the human brain will be connected to a machine that is able to make logical conclusions based on the data on such a scale, no one brain can not comprehend and understand?

In the long term, the question is when and how people will be involved in the processes, which are increasingly determined by machines. Very soon machines will begin to make medical decisions that any one person or team of people can not understand. What role then will the brain play in this process?

In some cases, the combination of automation and personnel-people can increase the number of jobs, but this effect will be fleeting, likely. The same robots and automation systems will improve until they remove they have created jobs. Similarly, the people who will play a "useful" role in brain-computer interfaces are getting less and less involved in this chain, because the technology will improve.

The Idea of preserving the relevance of humanity by integrating the human brain with artificial seems attractive. But we have yet to figure out what will be the contribution to do the human brain, if the development of technologies outruns the development of the brain a million times.


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