Semiconductors with a thickness of just one atom — no longer science fiction but reality, although not embodied in certain devices. A physicist from the Bayreuth University (Germany) Dr. Axel Enders (Enders, Axel) in collaboration with scientists from Poland and the United States were developed by replacing the graphene — a two-dimensional material, is able to bring electronics to a new level. Due to its semiconductor properties, this material may be more suitable for use in electronics than graphene.
We Should remember that graphene was developed in 2004 and is considered an important step taken by science. New material in addition to carbon, also contains boron and nitrogen. Its chemical name — "Hexagonal boron-carbon-nitrogen" ("Hexagonal Boron-Carbon-Nitrogen", h-BCN). The results of this are important for high technology research was published the scientific edition of ACS Nano.
Professor Enders believes that the results of the conducted jointly with other scientific studies can be the starting point for a new generation of electronic transistors, chips and sensors that will become much smaller and more flexible than those elements which are used in electronics today. It is also likely that will be achieved and a significant reduction in energy consumption.
Professor Enders notes that are now dominant in the electronics industry, CMOS technology is characterized by clear limitations that prevent further miniaturization. The researcher notes that the h-BCN is more suitable to overcome these limitations by material than graphene.
We Should remember that graphene — a two-dimensional "lattice", is entirely composed of atoms of graphene. Its thickness — just one atom. Once scientists began to more carefully explore these structures, their remarkable properties have generated enthusiasm throughout the world. After all, graphene is stronger than steel in 100-300 times. However, he is an excellent conductor of heat and electricity. Electrons can easily pass through it at any applied voltage, as not provided any specific provisions "on" and "off".
For this reason, says Professor Enders, graphene is not sufficiently suitable for most electronic devices. After all, semiconductors are required to ensure switching between the positions "on" and "off". So the scientist got the idea to replace in graphene, some carbon atoms with boron and nitrogen. The result of this project became two-dimensional lattice with the properties of the semiconductor. In the embodiment of this idea is assisted by a team of scientists from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. The study was carried out in partnership with scientists from the Cracow University, the state University of new York, Boston College and tufts University.
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