Proxima b: the planet of lost dreams?

Date:

2017-02-10 12:00:09

Views:

350

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

Proxima b: the planet of lost dreams?

We Have some bad news for those who have already planned your trip to the nearest exoplanet to the Earth. According to a new study by the space Agency NASA, planets in the habitable zones of stars-class "red dwarf" — including attracting the attention of all the planet Proxima b – may lose too much oxygen. This, in turn, can put an end to the possibility of support on the surface of water in liquid form and, consequently, of life.

Usually, scientists are trying to determine if the planet is in the habitable zone of their stars, by analyzing the amount of light and heat that it receives from its sun. However the new study takes into account such factors as the "star emissions" (star storm, for example), and the level of loss of atmospheric oxygen in these phenomena. Scientists say that this enables you to build a more realistic picture of what could happen to earth-like planets inside the habitable zones, and in General to find an optimum distance between a planet and a star in each case where "everyone will live together."

A Team of scientists has developed a special model to explore how the highly charged x-rays and ultraviolet rays, which are red dwarfs from time to time, "spit", make the oxygen in the atmosphere of a planet located in the habitable zone, to jump out into space. This "atmospheric erosion" can be very bad news for those who are interested in Proximal b – exoplanet located near a red dwarf in a star system of Proxima Centauri, in less than five light years from us. The results of studies of specialists from NASA was published a few days ago in the journal the Astrophysical Journal Letters.

"the more there may be x-ray and ultraviolet radiation, the more electrons generated and the stronger the effect ejection of ions", — explains Alex Glaser, astrophysicist research center Goddard and co-author of scientific work.

"the Power of this effect depends on the amount of energy which is emitted by the star. This implies that it plays a very important role in determining whether a planet is suitable for habitation of life."

Researchers have estimated the level of atmospheric oxygen loss based on the information about the age of red dwarf, and the planet that can near it is located. For example, the orbit of the planet Proxima b 20 times smaller than the orbit of our Earth around the Sun. Based on this information about the proximity to the star Proxima Centauri scientists have calculated that the planet is very often subjected to all-destroying solar storms attacking its atmosphere approximately every 2 hours. Given the size of Proxima b and its composition, scientists estimate that the supply of her oxygen would run out completely in about 10 million years.

If shorter, Proxima b – not a good place to live. As, however, and the other planets moving around red dwarfs. And this, for a moment, are the most common stars in our galaxy. Rough estimates say that about 20-30 closest to the Solar system of stars are red dwarfs.

It is possible that the results of this study once again hinted to us on our special-ness, and how lucky we are.

"Yes, obtained in this study, the data have a pessimistic tone in relation to the planets, factors around young red dwarfs, but they also give us a better idea of what stars and planets are best viewed for their possible habitability", — said Vladimir Hayrapetyan, a specialist in solar activity from NASA and the study's lead author.

"Now we know what to expect from the stars, if you want to find jizneopisanie planet. In addition, this study shows how we were lucky with the Sun, which was one of the perfect candidates among the stars capable of supporting life, in our case on Earth."

For those who still believe (*raises hand*), hope all is well. In the end, the study is based on modeling. In the next few years we will be able to get the first "real" data on the planet Proxima b and the atmosphere, when the stars will rise, for example, the space telescope named James Webb. And anyway, perhaps one day, when the starship Stephen Hawking and Russian billionaire Yuri Milner get to Proxima b, we learn that she is a very nice resort planet. Can only cross fingers.

Recommended

Discovered the

Discovered the "switch" pleasure from alcohol

One of the key factors of addiction mechanisms in the brain is obtaining positive emotions. For example, the alcohol getting to the brain, affects the ventral tegmental area (ventral tegmental area, VTA), also called the pleasure center. After that r...

Ten predictions of Hawking, which he left in the book after his death

Ten predictions of Hawking, which he left in the book after his death

the Latest work of Stephen Hawking, which deals with such problems as the existence of God or the possibility of time travel, was presented on Monday his children who tried to finish the book after the death of the British giant of astrophysics. Hawk...

New product effectively solves the problem of lack of oxygen in the blood

New product effectively solves the problem of lack of oxygen in the blood

Oxygen — the basis of our life. There are more susceptible to the lack of tissue is less sensitive. But in any case, the lack of this important element of the authorities (and then entire body) will not last long. In case of violation of oxygen...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Under the glaciers of Alaska discovered ancient pyramid

Under the glaciers of Alaska discovered ancient pyramid

Global warming is undoubtedly a considerable danger to our planet. But there is this phenomenon another, more positive side. Due to the melting of glaciers, researchers had the unique opportunity to see under the ice, ancient pyra...

Astronomers from the Moscow state University has compiled a directory of 800 thousand galaxies

Astronomers from the Moscow state University has compiled a directory of 800 thousand galaxies

There are many directories, which contain information about various heavenly bodies, galaxies and stars. They regularly use, but they are not voluminous, informative and accurate, so astronomers often not enough information there,...

Volgabus company will allocate 200 million rubles for the development and testing of unmanned buses

Volgabus company will allocate 200 million rubles for the development and testing of unmanned buses

Not long ago, we about electric modular platform , the concept of which was presented by the Russian company . The versatility of the platform is that on its basis it is possible to quickly make a small but functional vehicles or ...