American scientists have made a very important discovery. They were able to identify specific genes that are directly associated with high resistance to cartilaginous fishes of the class Chondrichthyes, which includes about 1207 species. This class includes sharks and rays. The scientific results were published in the journal .
The cartilaginous fish Skeleton consists not of bones but of cartilage, which is why they completely lack bone marrow producing B-cells of the immune system. However, the immune resistance of the cartilage is significantly higher than their bony counterparts. Scientists, for example, has long noted that sharks are simply not able to cancer. And this question haunted the minds of scientists for many years. It seems that now science has an answer: why are cartilaginous fish are resistant to this deadly disease.
The studies compared tissue samples of four hearts and three cartilaginous bony fishes. Their genomes were compared using RNA sequencing. As a result, scientists found that the genome of cartilaginous fishes contains a number of mutant genes. For example, sharks have been identified orthologs of the human gene LGMN, and Bag1. In science it is considered that the suppression of these genes in the human body leads to the formation of tumors, but the sharks these genes hyperexpression. In addition, fish of this class have a large number of genes of humoral immunity.
Naive to believe that this discovery will soon allow you to find a universal cure for cancer, but it is hoped that through actively developing in recent years, one can increase the resilience of the human body to cancer. All the preconditions for this in modern science is. And we should not think that eating meat of those sharks to protect the human body. Scientists say that the body of these fish is very often observed to be too dangerous for humans mercury concentrations.
just yesterday, that the Japanese scientists were able to grow pancreas of the mouse in the body of a rat that has brought science one step closer to growing human organs in animals.
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